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(Founded in 1837, Registered Charity No. 220014)

Introducing the Yorkshire Geological Society: get involved in geoscience in the north of England

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From the high Pennines.....
- Malham Cove, Yorkshire Dales National Park..... (photo: Alison Tymon)

..... to the coast
- Ravenscar cliff, looking towards Robin Hood's Bay, North York Moors National Park (photo: Alison Tymon)

Publications: one of the Society's very popular field guides

Find out more about the exciting geology of the region and internationally important developments in the Earth Sciences by joining the Yorkshire Geological Society. You will find a warm welcome at the YGS, and we are actively seeking new members to become involved with the Society.

Benefits include:

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A field meeting at Stainland, W. Yorks.: examining the different Carboniferous sandstones on the moor. Members hear lectures on the latest research: a reconstruction of "fire fountains" of gigantic lava eruptions in Siberia around 250 million years ago, which may have cause the mass extinction of 90% of the world's species.  (Presidential Address of Prof. Paul Wignall, December 2010).  A Yorkshire Geology Month walk in Haworth, West Yorks., for the general public,   identifying and explaining the origins of the many different building stones seen in the village. 


The Society:

YGS Publications:

YGS Geological Information Service:

Membership details and link to application form Proceedings from 1839 Geological and Local Web Links
Officers & Council for 2016
  Other Publications and Field Guides Circulars: Index and full texts in PDF from 2003  
Presidents and other Officers from 1837 Book and Map Reviews from YGS Circulars Geological Survey Memoirs for Yorks. (full texts)
The Society's Medals, Awards and Honorary Members   The Society's Rules (updated 2014)


Following our well-established pattern, this Circular marks for the Society the recommencement of the indoor meeting programme and the close of the summer season of field excursions, and covers the 15th to 18th September 2016 Second Yorkshire Fossil Festival at Scarborough, and the Society’s first  indoor meeting of the season on 8th October 2016 at York. It is an appropriate point to reflect on the relative success of some of the core activities of the Society and the extent to which they meet the requirements of the membership and contribute to bringing in new members and thus ensuring a sustainable future. I have been fortunate this summer to attend the majority of the Society field events and assisted with the Society’s stand and display at the Yorkshire Museum Fossil Roadshow. I therefore feel confident to express the view that this Society retains a well-respected position at the forefront of the larger regional geological societies of the United Kingdom, on the basis of the scope and quality of its varied programme of activities. These include popular events to attract non-professional interest and young enthusiasts, such as our annual Caphouse Colliery meeting, and also high quality scientific field meetings.
However, the programme and the success of our field events are heavily reliant on the enthusiasm and efforts of a relatively small percentage of the membership, for organising, leading and attending the outdoor meetings. I extend my thanks and appreciation to all who have contributed to and supported this programme through this summer. But can we do better next year? We need a new generation of members to carry forward our activities. I invite any of our members to express their views on the field programme and how we can improve this, by direct contact to me or to any other member of Council. More importantly, if you feel you can help in planning or leading any event for the 2017 programme, please do not hesitate to volunteer- we need you and any assistance will be warmly welcomed.
A vital consideration for the future is the interface of the Society and its members with the earth sciences community at large and also the wider society in which we operate. An important part of the scientific profile of the Society is the continued publication of the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society (PYGS), which has retained its impact as a highly-regarded scientific journal of international and regional scope. Members will have noted from previous Circulars that the current Principal Editor, Dr Stewart Molyneux, wishes to stand down. While it has not yet been possible to introduce a replacement, Stewart has willingly continued in post, for which I and the other members of Council express our very warm thanks. We also thank those members of the Society and others who have responded to our plea to strengthen the current Editorial Board. It is hoped that we can move forward on this in the coming months and offers to assist are still welcome.
Council also recognises that the principal point of contact for anyone with interest in the activities of the Society is through our website: http://www.yorksgeolsoc.org.uk/. This now carries a very large amount of data of relevance to the Society and its work, and continues to have several hundred thousand unique “hits” a year. However, this needs to continue to be both stimulating and informative as well as technologically up to date taking into  account the major developments in so many areas of information technology since the site’s last major redesign almost a decade ago.
Earlier this year Council has instigated a project, under the leadership of the Web Editor, to revitalise and re-design the site, through the engagement of a professional web design company. I am pleased to advise that this is now well-advanced and it is my hope that during the latter half of this year we shall see not only a new and exciting website visual format, but a system that is fully compatible with the increasingly wide range of technologies and formats now used to access the internet, for example tablets, mobile phones and social media.
This October we are repeating a successful format of a joint meeting with the Yorkshire Regional Group of the Geological Society of London (GSL). It is a feature of our indoor programme that many of our meetings are held as joint events with locally based groups and societies across the North of England. This invariably contributes to wider and lively discussion, both in the lecture room and in the refreshment interval! We welcome our GSL colleagues and hope that this collaboration provides a wider perspective on earth science topics of shared interest.
John Knight


Technologies in Geoscience": (part of the programme for the Geological Society’s “2016: The Year of Water”, which is exploring a wide range of water-related issues): Saturday 8th October 2016, 2pm to 5pm, at York St John University, Lord Mayor’s Walk, York, YO31 7EX.

The lectures will be in the University’s Fountains Lecture Theatre.  Please note: there is no parking on the University campus, (except when displaying a disability “Blue Badge”), but there are several public car parks nearby: Monk Bar Car Park, St John’s Street, YO31 7QR, Union Terrace Car Park, Union Terrace, YO31 7ES, and Foss Bank Car Park, Jewbury, YO31 7PL.

Latest update of the Meeting Programme and Speaker's Abstracts:

2:00pm – 2:10pm
Introduction & welcome
by Margaret Cliff – Chair of Yorkshire Regional Group of the Geological Society
2:10pm – 2:40pm
3D Geological Models and their application (in East Yorkshire)
By Rolf Farrell (Environment Agency) & Helen Burke (BGS)
BGS is currently moving to 3D deployment of geological understanding/mapping. This is being implemented at a range of scales to meet strategic aims and partly by collaborative projects with the EA and others to address specific stakeholder requirements. In the case of the Environment Agency, this includes investigations in areas where complex superficial deposits overlie the principal aquifers leading to uncertainty in the nature of groundwater movement and consequent risk. The models allow the geology to be seen in three dimensions enabling a rapid conceptual understanding of the geology to be gained.
This joint BGS-EA presentation explains the evolution of these models, their construction and application. Focusing on the 3D geological model of Holderness this talk will explain how the model has contributed to the Environment Agency’s numerical groundwater model of East Yorkshire, how it has improved the Environment Agency’s understanding of groundwater flooding processes in Hull and its use in reducing the risk to groundwater from potentially contaminative activities.
2:40pm – 3:10pm
“Modelling groundwater in limestones – getting the balance right”
By Mike Streetly (ESI Consulting)
Mike Streetly is the Director of the Water Group at ESI where he leads a team of 20 quantitative hydrogeologists providing services to developers, regulators, quarry companies and the water industry. Mike has been investigating the impact of dewatering of Carboniferous Limestone quarries on the environment for over 20 years and has worked on the challenges facing some of the largest quarries in the UK over that time.  He has also lead water resource assessment projects for the Environment Agency on some of the other main limestone formations in Yorkshire (Corallian Limestone, Magnesian Limestone and Chalk). 
Mike will talk through some of the challenges in developing a quantitative understanding of flows in the limestone formations of Yorkshire and illustrate this with a range of techniques that have been successfully applied to achieve this.  All such work needs to start from a clear understanding of the objectives and scale at which understanding is required.  This needs to be translated into a conceptual model of the groundwater system which is built on appropriate data and understanding of the geology and an outline water balance of the system.  Once this is achieved it is possible to go forward with quantifying the water balance in more detail – either through simple spatial/transient calculations or, if appropriate, through the development of more complex models.
3:10pm – 3:45pm
Comfort break & refreshments
3:45pm – 3:55pm
YGS Business & introduction
By Dr John Knight – President, Yorkshire Geological Society
3:55pm – 4:25pm
“Control the Drainage: the Gospel Accorded to Sinkholes”
By Dr Tony Waltham, Nottingham Trent University
Karst is a landscape that is distinguished by underground drainage and is normally formed on limestone or gypsum. Its impact on engineering geology is the distinctive suite of karst geohazards, which are largely related to the holes in the ground of varying size and unpredictable nature. The most widespread and frequent geohazard is the development of new sinkholes within the soil profile over a cavernous limestone; they develop by suffosion, where soil is washed down into cavities in the stable rock. New suffosion sinkholes are nearly all formed by rainstorms, new drainage inputs or water table decline; they are therefore largely avoidable if the gospel of drainage control is obeyed. Rock collapse to develop new sinkholes is hugely less common, though drainage can again be significant where water table decline reduces hydrostatic support. Most sinkholes in soil and most collapses on rock are induced, wholly or partially, by civil engineering activities, and are therefore largely avoidable. Examples from around the world clearly illustrate these themes, and the relative frequencies of events confirm that drainage control is the golden rule on karst.
This lecture is an abridged version of the 2015 Glossop Lecture that was presented to the Engineering Group of the Geological Society.
4:25pm – 4:55pm
“Advances in rock property data for designing closed-loop thermal ground collectors”
By Jon Busby, British Geological Survey
Decarbonisation of domestic and commercial heating is expected to lead to a sharp rise in the number of installed ground source heating (GSH) systems over the next decade. Current standards require robust values of ground property data for the sizing of the ground collector loops. However, generalised values of thermal conductivity and shallow ground temperatures are usually extracted from look-up tables with little consideration for the specifics at a site. The need for efficient and sustainable GSH systems requires more accurate ground property data. This talk will review current methods for obtaining data before an evaluation of the options for advancing our knowledge. Thermal conductivity in particular can be measured and estimated in a variety of ways. Some examples will be presented from which it is possible to calculate site specific ranges and means.
4:55pm – 5:00pm
Closing remarks and any outstanding business.
By Dr John Knight – President, Yorkshire Geological Society

Remaining Yorkshire Geological Society meetings for 2016

Saturday 5th November 2016, University of Hull: Joint meeting with the Hull Geological SocietyRecent research on the landscape, palaeontology and archaeology between ca. 100,000 and 10,000 years ago of “Doggerland”, the now submerged large region of the southern North Sea Basin. Speakers will include Prof. Dr Thijs van Kolfschoten (University of Leiden, The Netherlands), Dr Philip Murgatroyd (University of Bradford), Dr Louise Tizzard (Wessex Archaeology), and Dr Rachel Bynoe (Southampton University and the Natural History Museum).
Saturday 10th December 2016, 2.30pm – 7.30pm, Weetwood Hall, Leeds: President’s Day: Annual General Meeting, Presidential Address by Dr John Knight, Reception and Buffet.


Volunteers needed to assist with the Society’s programme of meetings and field excursions from 2017

The Society’s programme of meetings and excursions has been amongst the most important and most widely appreciated parts of its work throughout its long life, but this has always, and continues to, depend on the contributions of our members – for ideas for meeting and excursion themes, as speakers and field meeting leaders, and as organisers and coordinators for particular elements or events in each year’s programme.
As the Programme Committee and Council start work on our 2017 programme, can you offer suggestions or help? In addition to more general ideas or offers, perhaps for particular meeting, Council is urgently seeking nominations to fill the role of Programme Secretary, as our Interim Programme Secretary, Dr Earl Howath, who stepped into the position at very short notice earlier this year, feels that he could not take on the role on a longer term basis.  (Council feels that as in sdome similar societies the workload of the Programme Secretary could be split if there is a willing volunteer to serve as Assistant Field Excursion Secretary, working in conjunction with the Programme Secretary and Programme Committee.)
Any member who feel they can contribute either on a one-off basis or in one or other of these roles are invited to discuss their interest with the General Secretary (Paul Hildreth, telephone: 01652) 655784; e-mail: <paul.hildreth46@gmail.com> or the President (John Knight, telephone: 01773 836253; e-mail: <jaknightuk@btinternet.com>.

Yorkshire Geological Society’s Fearnsides Award

The Council of the Yorkshire Geological Society (YGS) has determined that the Society will modify the terms and scope of its existing Fearnsides Prize, established originally by Professor William George Fearnsides (1879 – 1968) to recognise promise in geological research by a person under 30 years of age.  From 2016, the Society will fund a Fearnsides Award, as an annual award to support current research in earth science and related subjects, being undertaken by a person who may be considered an early-career geologist.  The following criteria will apply:
Applications will be evaluated by the Science Committee of YGS and the evaluation of the relative merit of each application will consider the potential regional or international impact of the research programme and also the impact of the award on the early career development of the individual applicant.
Applicants are encouraged to use the one page application form (available from here: http://www.yorksgeolsoc.org.uk/fearnsides-2016.pdf, to be accompanied by a one page CV of the applicant.  In the application form the proposed use of funds should be supported by a brief summary of the underlying rationale and scientific issues to be addressed and anticipated achievements and outputs. Disbursement will normally be made against clear commitment, with supporting documentation, for the objective of the award.
John Knight, President

Geotrails in Upper Ribblesdale - an opportunity for fieldwork

Following a number of successful recent joint field excursions (e.g. Clitheroe in June of this year), Committee representatives of GeoLancashire have invited this Society to support them in completion of their popular Geotrails series of pocket geological and geomorphological trail guides which aim to cover the full length of the River Ribble Catchment.  Council of this Society has unanimously approved formal collaboration to assist completion of at least two Geotrail guides to cover Upper Ribblesdale.
GeoLancashire is an amalgamation of the former Lancashire RIGS Group and the Lancashire Group of the Geologists’ Association.  To date seven pocket guides in the series Ribble Catchment Geotrails have been completed.  These can be downloaded from the GeoLancashire website: www.geolancashire.org.uk.  It should be noted that for each popular fold-out guide, there is also downloadable back-up information which covers in considerable detail the geological and geomorphological data on which the Geotrails guide has been prepared.  The remaining section of the Ribble Catchment still to be covered by Geotrails guides falls approximately between Settle and Ribblehead, appropriately in the Yorkshire section of the catchment.
The Geotrails management group of GeoLancashire welcomes assistance from members of Yorkshire Geological Society who can join them in walking out the potential trail routes, to identify appropriate visit locations and geological, geomorphological, and industrial heritage features which merit inclusion and description in each guide, plus any logistical considerations.  Assistance will also be welcome from members who have particular knowledge of this area, who even if they are unable to participate in the fieldwork, will be willing to write up or review the back-up documentation which is needed to support the summarised description in the pocket guide.  It is likely that visits to the area to walk out and investigate the routes will be coordinated for mid-week, while editorial discussions will probably be via e-mail.
This is an opportunity for a small group of Society members to assist this very worthwhile project, for which the support of the Society will be fully acknowledged.  Participation of individuals will be on a voluntary basis, and in consequence the Society will not be in a position to reimburse any expenses other than for any specific activity or task agreed in advance and approved by Council.
Members who wish to participate are invited to express interest in the first instance to the President (Dr John Knight – tel. 01773 836253; jaknightuk@btinternet.com) or General Secretary (Mr Paul Hildreth- tel. 01652 655784; paul.hildreth46@gmail.com), who will coordinate with the GeoLancashire Geotrails management group.
John Knight, President

Extensions to the Yorkshire Dales and Lake District National Parks

On 1 August 2016 the Government introduced changes to the boundaries of the Yorkshire Dales and Lake District National Parks.
The area of the Yorkshire Dales National Park has been increased substantially (by nearly a quarter – 161 square miles), covering for the first time areas of both the present-day Cumbria and Lancashire counties. To the north the extension includes a number of features of geological and landscape importance, including the the Howgill Fells, Great Asby Scar, Wild Boar Fell and Mallerstang, and the settlements that surround them. The extension to the west includes similarly important geological features and landscapes including Casterton, Middleton, Barbon and Leck Fells, and River Lune valley including Devil’s Bridge.

The extensions to the Lake District National Park are smaller, increasing the area of the Park by about 3%, but include Birkbeck Fells Common, Bretherdale and Borrowdale in the east, and Helsington Barrows, Sizergh Fell, part of the Lyth valley  and parts of Whinfell and Grayrigg. One significant effect of the combined extensions is that except for the built-up areas around Kendal the M6 motorway will now form a common boundary between the two National Parks. For further details and links to new maps of the extended national parks go to:

Book Reviews

The geology of Eigg (2nd Edition) by John D Hudson, Angus D Miller and Ann Allwright
Published by the Edinburgh Geological Society (Price £7.50; £6 to EGS members); available from booksales@edinburghgeolsoc.org.
Though the island of Eigg in the Inner Hebrides is perhaps somewhat removed from the usual remit of the Yorkshire Geological Society many members will have travelled in that area and be familiar with the spectacular scenery and the dramatic geology on display. The increase in available accommodation on the island in recent years makes a visit to Eigg and adjacent islands a more reasonable proposition than was once the case.
The visitor to Eigg seeking a simple, readable introduction to the geology will need look no further than this new edition of the Edinburgh Geological Society Guide. Even those not expecting to ever get to the island will enjoy browsing through and reading this modestly-priced, beautifully printed and illustrated, 68-page booklet. The Guide has been written by an authoritative team of authors led by John Hudson with, between them, many decades of experience of investigating the rocks and fossils of the island. After an introductory, scene-setting chapter, the Jurassic, Cretaceous and Palaeogene rocks are considered in turn.
The past controversy concerning the origin of the enigmatic Sgurr, Eigg’s most prominent and dramatic geological feature, is discussed at some length. A chapter on the glacial and post-glacial history follows. The booklet concludes with seven excursion itineraries which permit the visitor to view the main geological formations and features previously described.  These excursions will provide the visitor with an excellent introduction to the varied delights of the Mesozoic sediments and the overlying volcanic rocks as well as to the numerous igneous intrusions that cut them. 
Reading this Guide reminds me that it is far too long since my last visit to Eigg and that it is high time I went again. I do not doubt that many others will be similarly inspired by this highly recommended publication.
Douglas Holliday
A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells by A. Wainwright, 50th Anniversary Edition (Frances Lincoln Ltd., London), boxed set of seven hardback pocket guides totalling 2,128 pages, now available from Postscript Books, Newton Abbot, Devon: http://psbooks.co.uk/ at the much reduced price of £40.00 the set.
For most of his working life Alfred Wainwright was the Borough Treasurer of Kendal, but as as passionate fellwalker and gifted artist he spent almost all his spare time over more than half a century exploring and sketching the more than 200 Lake District mountains and fells. He brought this work together in a unique series of pocket guides to each of seven Lakeland areas, illustrated with his drawings, sketch maps and diagrams, and with all the text in his own handwriting – publications that were almost indispensable to generations of walkers and other lovers of the Lake District.
To mark the 50th anniversary of the first of Wainwright’s Lakeland Fell guides new printing plates were made from each page of his original art work and from these plates this seven volume 50th Anniversary Edition has been published, and is now available at less than half the original publication price boxed set of £99.99.
Patrick Boylan        

YGS Membership Secretary

In September 2015 Dr John Varker, a long-standing member and supporter of the Society and a current Council Member, took over as Membership Secretary.  Council is most grateful to John for this. Subscriptions for 2016 were due on 1st January, and most of these were collected by direct debit from the majority of members around that date.  If you still pay by cheque or standing order please consider changing to a direct debit. This saves a great deal of work for the Society, is simpler for the member, and is fully guaranteed by the banking system.  Please contact the Membership Secretary if you feel able to change to a direct debit, and/or can add a Gift Aid declaration to your membership – for which we can claim 25% extra from the government at no cost to the member.
Contact details:
Dr. W.J. VARKER, Membership Secretary, Yorkshire Geological Society, 15, Otley Old Road, Lawnswood, Leeds. LS16 6HB.  Telephone: (0113) 2673554, Email: williamjohn.varker@sky.com

YGS-Members Forum email "Listserv"

Courtesy of the national Joint Academic Computer Network the Society has a "Listserv" type email system "YGS-Members Forum" for rapid communication (e.g. about updates and changes in programmes and events) between the YGS officers and event organisers and the members registered with the system. It also allows individual registered members to communicate with other members. This is a secure system controlled online by each registered member once they have been registered by the YGS, and anyone can remove themselves from the system at any time.
If you are not yet registered with the YGS-Members Forum and wish to do so, or at least try it out, please send your email address and name to the Circular and Website Editor, Patrick Boylan, at P.Boylan@city.ac.uk.

NEW!! Contents of the latest part of Proceedings of Yorkshire Geological Society (vol. 61 Pt. 1, published May 2016)
on line on the Lyell Collection at:

Andrew J. Storey, Alan T. Thomas and Robert M. Owens: The deep-water trilobite association of the Silurian Coldwell Siltstone Formation of northern England and its wider significanceYorkshire Geological Society Registered Charity No. 220014 Society Proceedings 2015 (pp. 1-23)
Robert H. Wagner and Carmen Álvarez-Vázquez: A reappraisal of Pecopteris miltonii (Artis) Brongniart, a mid-Westphalian (Early–Mid Pennsylvanian) fern (pp. 25-35)
Richard G. Hodkin, Jonathan R. Lee, James B. Riding and Jenni A. Turner: Genesis and provenance of a new Middle Pleistocene diamicton unit at Happisburgh, NE Norfolk, UK (pp. 37-53)
T.D. Ford and N.E. Worley: Mineralization of the South Pennine Orefield, UK—A Review (pp. 55-86)
Yorkshire Geological Society Registered Charity No. 220014 Society Proceedings 2015 (pp. 87-93)

Proceedings now fully digitised from vol. 1 (1839) to vol. 61 Part 2 (2015) with free online access to individual YGS members

Instructions for YGS member access to the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 1839 to 2015 in the Lyell Collection
This notice contains important information that will enable you to access the online.  Please make sure that you retain the address label from the envelope containing your latest YGS Circular– this contains your YGS membership number, which you will need to activate your subscription.
Following the launch of the Proceedings in the Lyell Collection, individual members who subscribe to the journal can now view the entire archive from Volume 1 (1839) online.
Before you can access the Proceedings online, you will need to activate your subscription. To do this, go to the YGS Proceedings subscription activation page:
http://www.lyellcollection.org/cgi/activate/ibasic and enter your subscriber ID number in the bottom right hand box.  Your subscriber ID is your YGS membership number,
which is the four digit number shown in the top left hand corner of the address label, with the prefix YGS (e.g. YGS9999). (Ignore the reference to "Institutional Subscription
Access" at the top, and to "payment confirmation letter) "on the bottom line: just put your YGS membership number in the box on the bottom line and press the "submit" button.)
Follow the instructions on the next screen and complete parts A and B.  In part B, you will need to set your own user name and password, which you will use when you next login
to the Proceedings site in the Lyell Collection. Once you have activated your subscription, you will be able to browse the PYGS archive. For subsequent access, go direct to the PYGS site on the Lyell Collection web site at http://pygs.lyellcollection.org/
(Please note that if you have access rights to other parts of the Lyell Collection, e.g. as a Fellow of the Geological Society, you need to connect via the YGS option, not as part of your Geological Society (or other) options.
The links to both the subscription activation page and your regular login are live on this YGS Home Page and/or can be copied and pasted into your web browser.
Stewart Molyneux
Principal Editor, Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society

SURPLUS COPIES OF "Carboniferous hydrocarbon geology- the Southern North Sea and surrounding onshore areas" Occasional Publication No 7 (2005).

By decision of Council, the remaining stock of this highly regarded volume will now be made available for disposal to members of the Society and attendees at Society meetings. Copies can be obtained at forthcoming meetings; it is suggested that a donation to Society funds of £2.00 per copy will be appropriate.

Other Geological and related books offered

Our long-standing member, Peter Robinson of Scasrborough is currently “down-sizing” and has generously donated to the Society a run of over 50 years of the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society.
He is also looking to dispose of around 60 geological books and maps, as listed on the website at: http://www.yorksgeolsoc.org.uk/robinson.doc Any member interested in making an offer for any of these can contact Peter by email at: p.robinson280@btinternet.com 



(Please contact the society representatives and/or websites shown for the latest information, and if you would like to attend a particular meeting as a guest)
CRAVEN & PENDLE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Contact: Paul Kabrna e-mail: paul_kabrna@hotmail.com or http://www.cpgs.org.uk/ (usual meeting place for indoor lectures: The Rainhall Centre, Barnoldswick)
Friday 11th November: Rebecca Williams Ph.D., University of Hull: Deadly volcanic flows: understanding pyroclastic density currents
Friday 9th December: Nigel Mountney Ph.D., University of Leeds: The Preserved Sedimentary Record of Giant Rivers: Examples from Yorkshire, Around the World and Beyond
CUMBERLAND GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Secretary: Rosemary Vidler, 11 Blencathra View, Threlkeld, Cumbria; http://www.cumberland-geol.soc.org.uk phone no 017687 79326, e-mail: rosevidler@freeuk.com;
Wednesday 21st September, 19.30,  Location: The Hall, Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Ullswater Road, Penrith CA11 7EG: Dr Tristan Pottas, Sirus Minerals plc: The York potash project
Wednesday 12th October 19.30: Location: Friends' Meeting House, Elliot Park, Keswick, CA12 5NZ: Dr. Simon Ferley: Storm Desmond and A591: Damage and Repair
Wednesday 9th November, 19.30:  Location: Braithwaite Institute on A66 (GR: NY233241): Prof. Mike Hambrey: Glaciers and Climate Change, and their relevance to Cumbria
Wednesday 14th December, 19.30:  Location: Friends’ Meeting House, Elliot Park, Keswick, CA12 5NZ: Members’ Evening
EAST MIDLANDS GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Janet Slater, tel. 01509-843.297; e-mail: secretary@emgs.org.uk or http://www.emgs.org.uk (Venue - Please note the change from previous years! Meetings are now in the Geography Department of Nottingham University, which is in the Sir Clive Granger Building. Enter the university by the North Entrance, off the A52, and follow signs to the Main Visitor Car Park. As you turn right into the car park, the Sir Clive Granger Building is on your left.)
Saturday 15th October: Dr Noel Worley: Mineralisation of theSouth Pennine Orefield
Saturday 12th November: Dr Nick Longrich, Universityof Bath:Giant marine reptiles and whales during the Eocene - Oligocene cooling event
Saturday 10th December: Dr Tom Dijkstra, Loughborough University and BGS: Geohazards in Central China: landslides in loess and the 2010 Zhouqu debris flow disaster
EAST MIDLANDS REGIONAL GROUP OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Secretary:  Jessica De Freitas email: jessica.defreitas@aecom.com
Thursday 15 October 2016: Dr Noel Worley: Mineralisation of the South Pennine Orefield
Thursday 12 November: Dr Nick Longrich, University of Bath: Giant marine reptiles and whales during the Eocene-Oligocene cooling event
Thursday 10 December: Dr Tom Dijkstra, Loughborough University and BGS: Geohazards in Central China: landslides in loess and the 2010 Zhouwqu debris flow disaster
EDINBURGH GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: e-mail: secretary@edinburghgeolsoc.org; http://edinburghgeolsoc.org/; Lectures Secretary: Graham Leslie, British Geological Survey, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 0ET, tel. 0131-650.0266, e-mail: agle@bgs.ac.uk. Lectures are held in the Grant Institute of the University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, at 7:30pm, except where stated otherwise. These meetings are open to the public, there is no charge, and visitors are welcome. Tea and biscuits are served after the lectures, upstairs in the Cockburn Museum of the Grant Institute. (See http://www.ed.ac.uk/maps for location.)
Wed, 12th October 2016: Prof Patrick Corbett, Heriot Watt University: Fluvial Channel Reservoirs 20 years diagnosing their reservoir engineering attributes Wed. 26th October: Dr Tim Kearsey, BGS: Palaeosols as evidence of terrestrial climate change at major Palaeozoic vertebrate evolutionary events Wed. 9th November: Dr Charlotte Vye-Brown, BGS Scotland: Volcanic Hazards Wed. 23rd November: Prof Brian Upton, University of Edinburgh: Volcanoes and the Making of Scotland Wed. 7th December: Fellows' Night
THE GEOLOGISTS’ ASSOCIATION: http://www.geologistsassociation.org.uk/ (For further details please check with the website or e-mail Sarah Stafford at the GA Office: geol.assoc@btinternet.com, tel. 020 7434 9298)
HUDDERSFIELD GEOLOGY GROUP: Contact: Phil Robinson, 01484-715.298. http://www.huddersfieldgeology.org.uk/ Meetings at Greenhead College, Huddersfield, on Monday evenings at 7pm unless otherwise stated.
Mon. 10 October: Kevin Read: Planets are like a ox of chocolates. You never know what you are going to get Mon. 14 November: Nick Shaw: Hydrocarbon habitat and energy resources, conventional or unconventional Mon. 12 December: Christmas Do, Meal at the Croppers Arms in Marsh. HULL GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Mike Horne. Tel: 01482 346 784 or e-mail: secretary@Hullgeolsoc.org.uk web: http://www.hullgeolsoc.org.uk/hgmeet.htm/ (Usual meeting place for indoor lectures: Department of Geography, University of Hull, at 7.30 pm. N.B. for security reasons the door is locked at 7.40pm). The Club Nights are open to members of the Society, University Students and interested members of the public. At the end of each of these meeting we will choose the topic or topics for the following meeting. Those attending are encouraged to bring some appropriate specimens, photographs, models or texts to contribute to the evening. The Club Night meetings start at 7-45pm. For further information ‘phone 01482 346784.
Thursday 20th October: Mark Seaward and Mike Horne on "Geolichenology of churchyards". Saturday 5th November - afternoon meeting – Joint meeting with the Yorkshire Geological Society on the later Quaternary of the southern North Sea  - “Doggerland”.
November - evening lecture - Dr Sarah King of the Yorkshire Museum.
Thursday 15th December: Dr Anna Bird of Hull University on “Metamorphism of the Caledonides of Scotland, deformation of a mountain belt”.
LANCASHIRE GROUP OF THE GEOLOGISTS’ ASSOCIATION: Secretary: Jennifer Rhodes, e-mail: sjrhodes@hotmail.com
LEEDS GEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION – PLEASE NOTE SEVERAL CHANGES:  General Secretary: William Fraser Tel: 0113 2608764 e-mail: lga.sec@btinternet.com; Field Meetings Secretary: David Holmes. Tel: 01423 888997 E.mail: holmsey@taltalk.net; new Association website address: http://www.leedsga.org.uk/  (Usual meeting place for indoor lectures: Rupert Beckett Lecture Theatre (Michael Sadler Building) Leeds University at 7-15pm)
Thursday 13th October: Prof. Phil Manning, Manchester University: Imaging Life on Earth.
LEICESTER LITERARY & PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY – SECTION C GEOLOGY: Chairman and contact: Dr. Joanne E. Norris, 0116 283 3127, j.e.norris @ ntlworld.com; Website: http://www.charnia.org.uk/ Usual meeting place for indoor lectures (unless otherwise stated): Lecture Theatre 3, Ken Edwards Building, University of Leicester at 7.30pm, refreshments from 7.00pm.
MANCHESTER GEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION: http://www.mangeolassoc.org.uk Sue Plumb, Hon. General Secretary: e-mail: secretary@mangrolassoc.org.uk; programme enquiries: lectures@mangeolassoc.org.uk. (Usual meeting place for indoor lectures: Williamson Building, Department of Geology, University of Manchester)
Wednesday 12 October 2016 at 19:00: John Nudds, University of Manchester: The geology of the Indian Himalayas: a view from our new Manchester student field course Saturday 19 November at 10:00 - The Broadhurst Lectures: The Climate History of the Earth The venue for this meeting only is the Cordingley Theatre, Humanities Bridgeford Street Building, University of Manchester Saturday 10 December at 13:30: Recent Discoveries in British Palaeontology: Cindy Howells, National Museum Wales, Dean Lomax ,University of Manchester, Russell Garwood , University of Manchester and Dr Jenny Clack, TW:eed project
NORTH EASTERN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Prof. Gillian FG Foulger, University of Durham, tel. 0191-334.2314, e-mail: g.r.foulger@durham.ac.uk. Lectures are at 7.30pm in the Arthur Holmes Lecture Room, Science Laboratories Site, University of Durham. There is now a website specifically for N.E.G.S.: For access, click on the following address: http://www.negs.org.uk
Friday 21st October, 2016: Alex Peace, Durham University: An evaluation of Mesozoic rift-related magmatism on the margins of the Labrador Sea: implications for rifting and passive margin asymmetry
18th November: Gillian R. Foulger, Durham University: Human-induced earthquakes
16th December: Members' evening: Paul Newton & Gordon Liddle - The Tertiary volcanics of southern France
NORTH EAST YORKSHIRE GEOLOGY TRUST: Director: Mike Windle, 01947 881000, email:  contact@neyorksgeologytrust.com/. The Trust has recently moved from its old base in Robin Hood’s Bay to the Northallerton area. Please use the email address above ro contact the Trust for the moment.
Sunday 30th October: Marine Life Past and Present: the Boat Shed at Boggle Hole Youth Hostel, near Whitby: Rock and Fossil Show 10am to 3pm; 2 hour Guided Walk from the Boat Shed leaves at 10am.
NORTHERN REGIONAL GROUP OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON: Secretary: Dr Mark Allen, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Durham, e-mail: m.b.allen@durham.ac.uk
NORTH STAFFORDSHIRE GROUP OF THE GEOLOGISTS ASSOCATION: Barbara Kleiser, email: Barbara.kleiser:gmail.com;  http://www.esci.keele.ac.uk/nsgga/ (usual meeting place for indoor meetings: William Smith Building, University of Keele at 7.30pm)
Thursday 13th October: 'Landslides and the work of the British Geological Survey'. Dr Helen Reeves / Dr Vanessa Banks (British Geological Survey)
Thursday 10th November. Wolverson Cope Lecture: ‘Diversity’s Big Bang: Early Palaeozoic radiations and the history of life’. Professor David Harper (Durham University)
ROTUNDA GEOLOGY GROUP (SCARBOROUGH): contact Sue Rawson, tel. 01723-506.502, email: suerawson@yahoo.co.uk http://www.rotundageologygroup/ (usual meeting place Room Quad 4, Scarborough Campus of the University of Hull, Filey Road, Scarborough at 7.30pm).
Thursday 13th October: Chalk cliffs of the Yorkshire Coast: onshore analogues for offshore windfarms and reservoirs in the North Sea. Professor Rory Mortimer, ChalkRock Ltd
Thursday 3rd  November: North Yorkshire’s Sleeping Giant: shale gas: Fred Hughes, Third Energy
Thursday 8th December: Members’ Evening
WESTMORLAND GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: contact: E-mail: mail@westmorlandgeolsoc.org.uk http://westmorlandgeolsoc.co.uk/ Meetings are on Wednesdays and start at 8 pm (unless otherwise stated) and are held in the Abbot Hall Social Centre, Dowker's Lane, Kendal.Visitors are welcome on payment of a £2 fee.
21st September, 2016 at 7.30pm: Joint Lecture with Cumberland Geological Society at Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Ullswater Road, Penrith:  The York Potash Project
19th October:  Dr Trevor Morse, Teesdale U3A Geology Group: The Limestones of the Northern Pennines,
16th November: Prof. Mike Hambrey, University of Aberystwyth:  Climate Change from a Geological Perspective
14th December at 7.30pm: members’ Evening and Jacob’s Join.
YORKSHIRE MID-WEEK GEOLOGY GROUP: West Yorkshire based informal mainly amateur and retired group that organises monthly field meetings or museum visits on Tuesdays, Wednesdays or Thursdays. Details in regular Newsletters and on the Group’s new website: http://mwggyorkshire.org.uk/. Contact: mwggyorkshire@virginmedia.com
Wednesday 21 September 2016: Nidderdale with Ian Hunter and David Leather. Meet at 10am at roadside layby near Lofthouse, Grid Ref. SE099734.
Thursday 13 October at 10.30am: Barnsley Canal Walk with Tony Felski, West Yorkshire Geology Trust, meet at the layby on Common Lane, Cold Heindley, Grid Ref. SE367134
Tuesday 15 November: Northcliffe Woods Project with Derek Barker and The History and Stones of Saltaire (Unesco World Heritage Site) with Roger Clarke of Saltaire History Group
YORKSHIRE REGIONAL GROUP OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Contact: Mark Lee: Yorkshireregionalgroup@gmail.com
Wednesday 14th September, Lecture Theatre A, School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds: Martyn Wilson & Claire Brint, Network Rail: Railway earthworks; slips, slides and flows.
Saturday 8th October: York St John University: New Techniques and Technologies in Geoscience. Joint meeting with Yorkshire Geologicsal Society (see YGS programme above.
Wednesday 2nd November, Leeds (details to follow): Dr Andrew Farrant: Remapping the Chalk - faulting implications for hydrogeology and groundwater models.
Wednesday 7th December, Leeds (details to follow): Prof. David Norbury: An Update on Eurocode 7.

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Yorkshire Rocks and Landscape – the popular YGS Field Guide, Third Edition

Yorkshire, famed for its scenic beauty and its rich industrial heritage, contains some of the most interesting geology and scenery in England , from the moors to the coast, including the Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors national parks. The influence of the geology on the landscape and on the industrial development in the region is profound.  

This book is a stimulating field guide to twenty-one locations selected to give comprehensive coverage of the geology, minerals, rocks, fossils and landforms of the area. Excursions vary from easy half–day walks to longer outings. Some are in moorland areas such as the Craven Inliers and the Pennines; others cover the Dinosaur Coast, famous for its rugged beauty and natural history, and coalfields adjacent to the major cities.

  Aimed at beginners and more experienced geologists, the book includes a general introduction to the area’s geological history, detailed location maps, a full glossary of terms, and details of local museums.

  Yorkshire Rocks and Landscape will be used and enjoyed by all those interested in the geology and natural heritage of this exciting and diverse region, especially the links between landscape and the underlying geology,

 About the Authors: The field guide, edited by Drs. Colin Scrutton and John Powell, has contributions from knowledgeable academics, professional geologists and dedicated amateurs, many of them members of the Yorkshire Geological Society. Together in this book they provide the most up-to-date and authoritative guide to the geology of Yorkshire and surrounding areas currently available.  

Published: September 2006; 224 pp, 22 figures.  Price 9.99, plus postage and packing 3.35. Cheques should be made payable to "Yorkshire Geological Society".  Please send your order to: Dr Claire Dashwood, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, NG12 5GG. E-mail: cfoster@bgs.ac.uk

  Also available at indoor meetings of the Yorkshire Geological Society (no p&p) and from selected bookshops.

Click here for more details, including the full Contents List


Northumberland Rocks and Landscape Cover (193698 bytes)

New Edition 2004 with minor revisions: price 9.99 plus 3.35 postage and packing

Price £9.99, plus £3.35 postage and packing. Cheques should be made payable to "Yorkshire Geological Society".  Please send your order to: Dr Claire Dashwood, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, NG12 5GG. E-mail: cfoster@bgs.ac.uk

Click here for further details

Important notice to Members and others: Short Communications: Proceedings and Circular/Website

Rapid publication of short papers is common amongst journals, particularly those published weekly, monthly or bi-monthly, as a way of disseminating information quickly on topical or contentious issues, exceptional new discoveries or major developments.   Given its publication schedule, the adoption of such a publication strategy is not appropriate for the Proceedings.  Nevertheless, as a way of encouraging the membership to make more use of the Proceedings, and for that matter the Society’s other vehicles for publication, the Circular and web site, Council would welcome more short communications. Short communications submitted to the Proceedings might include anything for which it would be worth having a permanent published record, for example descriptions of new and/or temporary exposures.  Those intended for the Circular or web site could include more topical or newsworthy items, including brief reports of field meetings, new fossil/mineral occurrences, photographs of interesting geological features with a brief description or the work of RIGS groups. Short communications to the Proceedings should not exceed two published pages, approximately 2,000 words (or equivalents including figures) and will be subject to the normal review and editorial procedures, although a Summary will not be necessary. Please send your contributions in the usual manner to the Editors (see ‘Instructions to Authors’ in the PYGS as a general guideline).

For the A5 format of the Circular (and web site), contributions should be 300-400 words, but can include colour photographs and figures; these will also be subject to editorial review. These items should be sent to the Circular Editor in the first instance (see back page of the Circular for details).

Stewart Molyneux, Principal Editor PYGS
Patrick Boylan, YGS Circular & Web Editor


Please send all copy (including Corresponding Society Autumn meeting programmes) to the Circular and Website Editor, Patrick Boylan - email: P.Boylan@city.ac.uk/ post: 2a Compass Road, Leicester LE5 2HF.

2016: Yorkshire Geological Society c/o Patrick Boylan, 2a Compass Road, Leicester LE5 2HF, UK.  E-mail: P.Boylan @ city.ac.uk Last updated: 19th September 2016

Circular and Web Editor: Patrick Boylan, 2a Compass Road, Leicester LE5 2HF, e-mail: P.Boylan @ city.ac.uk

(With thanks to Paul Kabrna, the YGS's first Web Editor, for photographs, and the present banner heading and other images, and to Clare Gordon, Librarian, Earth Sciences, University of Leeds, for assistance in maintaining the YGS archive site on the Leeds University server from 1999 to 2007).